- 1 What is the synagogue not for?
- 2 Which way does the congregation face in the synagogue and why?
- 3 Why are synagogues built the way they are?
- 4 What are the seats called in a synagogue?
- 5 Do you take your shoes off in a synagogue?
- 6 Where is the oldest synagogue in the world?
- 7 Why do we pray facing East?
- 8 Which way do churches face?
- 9 What is the Talmud and who wrote it?
- 10 What are the rules of Shabbat?
- 11 What is tzitzit and tallit?
- 12 What is the first commandment in the Torah?
- 13 Why is the bimah important in a synagogue?
- 14 What is a hazzan in Judaism?
What is the synagogue not for?
Synagogues are consecrated spaces used for the purpose of prayer, reading of the Tanakh (the entire Hebrew Bible, including the Torah), study and assembly; however, a synagogue is not necessary for Jewish worship.
Which way does the congregation face in the synagogue and why?
The Tosefta’s regulation that the entrance to the synagogue should be on the eastern side, while the orientation of the building should be toward the west was followed only in the synagogue in Irbid. Initially, the mizrah wall in synagogues was on the side of the entrance.
Why are synagogues built the way they are?
Large Jewish communities wished to show not only their wealth but also their newly acquired status as citizens by constructing magnificent synagogues. Handsome nineteenth synagogues form the period of Jewish imagination stand in virtually every country where there were Jewish communities.
What are the seats called in a synagogue?
A mechitza most commonly means the physical divider placed between the men’s and women’s sections in Orthodox synagogues and at religious celebrations.
Do you take your shoes off in a synagogue?
As such, in many mandirs and mosques, as well as in churches and synagogues of the Indian subcontinent and Middle East, it is customary for worshippers to remove their shoes before entering a house of worship, where they believe they are entering into the presence of the divine.
Where is the oldest synagogue in the world?
The oldest active synagogue in the world is the Old New Synagogue of Prague in the Czech Republic, built in 1270s. The Ben Ezra Synagogue of Cairo has the honor of being the longest-serving synagogue in the world, having continuously served as one from 1025 until the mid 20th century.
Why do we pray facing East?
Syriac and Arabic Christian apologetics of the 7th century explained that Christians prayed facing east because “the Garden of Eden was planted in the east (Genesis 2:8) and that at the end of time, at the second coming, the Messiah would approach Jerusalem from the east.” Saint John of Damascus taught that believers
Which way do churches face?
For those who do not have the time to immerse themselves… the answer is yes, churches do face east, but not perfectly and the discrepancy varies with location. The average ‘error’ is only 4 degrees, which is pretty good.
What is the Talmud and who wrote it?
Tradition ascribes the compilation of the Babylonian Talmud in its present form to two Babylonian sages, Rav Ashi and Ravina II. Rav Ashi was president of the Sura Academy from 375–427. The work begun by Rav Ashi was completed by Ravina, who is traditionally regarded as the final Amoraic expounder.
What are the rules of Shabbat?
According to halakha (Jewish religious law), Shabbat is observed from a few minutes before sunset on Friday evening until the appearance of three stars in the sky on Saturday night. Shabbat is ushered in by lighting candles and reciting a blessing.
What is tzitzit and tallit?
In the Samaritan tradition, the tallit is a gown worn over their clothes during most holy days, and the tzitzit are considered the 22 “buttons” on the right lapel of the gown, and the corresponding loops on its left lapel.
What is the first commandment in the Torah?
The first commandment: ” I am the Lord, thy God,” corresponds to the sixth: “Thou shalt not kill,” for the murderer slays the image of God.
Why is the bimah important in a synagogue?
The importance of the bimah is to show that the reader is the most important at that moment in time, and to make it easier to hear their reader of the Torah. In Orthodox Judaism, the bimah is located in the center of the synagogue, separate from the Ark.
What is a hazzan in Judaism?
A hazzan (/ˈhɑːzən/; Hebrew: [χaˈzan]) or chazzan (Hebrew: חַזָּן ḥazzān, plural ḥazzānim; Yiddish khazn; Ladino hazan) is a Jewish musician or precentor trained in the vocal arts who helps lead the congregation in songful prayer.