- 1 What are the three basic architectures of synagogues?
- 2 Do all synagogues face Jerusalem?
- 3 What are the benches in a synagogue called?
- 4 Is there an altar in a synagogue?
- 5 What is a B not mitzvah?
- 6 What does the Star of David stand for?
- 7 Why do Jews Rock when they pray?
- 8 Who prays facing East?
- 9 Why is the Ner Tamid always on?
- 10 Why do they call it a church pew?
- 11 What does Torah mean in English?
- 12 Where are the 10 Commandments kept in a synagogue?
What are the three basic architectures of synagogues?
There is no standard synagogue architecture. A typical synagogue contains an ark (where the scrolls of the Law are kept), an “eternal light” burning before the ark, two candelabra, pews, and a raised platform (bimah), from which scriptural passages are read and from which, often, services are conducted.
Do all synagogues face Jerusalem?
Wherever possible, synagogues face the city of Jerusalem. For synagogues in the UK, this would be east. Jews ensure they are facing Jerusalem when they are praying. This reminds Jews of the Temple.
What are the benches in a synagogue called?
A pew (/ˈpjuː/) is a long bench seat or enclosed box, used for seating members of a congregation or choir in a church, synagogue or sometimes a courtroom.
Is there an altar in a synagogue?
Bema. In Jewish synagogues, it is also known as a bimah and is for Torah reading during services. In an Orthodox Jewish synagogue, a bema is the raised area around the aron kodesh, or the sanctuary.
What is a B not mitzvah?
(B’not mitzvah is the plural of bat mitzvah and means that a group of girls or women is going through the rite. When more than one boy or a boy and a girl go through the ritual, it’s called b’nai mitzvah.)
What does the Star of David stand for?
The star was almost universally adopted by Jews in the 19th-century as a striking and simple emblem of Judaism in imitation of the cross of Christianity. The yellow badge that Jews were forced to wear in Nazi-occupied Europe invested the Star of David with a symbolism indicating martyrdom and heroism.
Why do Jews Rock when they pray?
Today, shuckling is generally understood as a physical accompaniment to the rhythm of prayers and as a way to concentrate on them more deeply.
Who prays facing East?
Present-day practice Byzantine Orthodox Christians, as well as members of the Church of the East, also face east when praying. Members of the Pentecostal Apostolic Faith Mission continue to pray facing east, believing that it “is the direction from which Jesus Christ will come when he returns”.
Why is the Ner Tamid always on?
The Ner Tamid is situated at the front of the synagogue above the ark. It would traditionally have been an oil lamp but is often an electric lamp today for convenience. It is continuously kept burning and should not be allowed to go out. The Ner Tamid means eternal light.
Why do they call it a church pew?
What is “pew,” and why does that word apply to a long bench in church? The word pew actually derived from an original Latin word that signified more than one podium, or podia. This raised seating took on the Old French word puie, which means “balcony” or “elevation.”
What does Torah mean in English?
1: the body of wisdom and law contained in Jewish Scripture and other sacred literature and oral tradition. 2: the five books of Moses constituting the Pentateuch.
Where are the 10 Commandments kept in a synagogue?
Aron hakodesh – All synagogues have a large cupboard facing Jerusalem called the aron hakodesh. It symbolises the Ark of the Covenant, which held the tablets of stone on which were carved the Ten Commandments received by Moses. It is the centrepiece of the synagogue and holds the Torah scrolls.