- 1 What are the parts of a synagogue?
- 2 Where is the sanctuary in a synagogue?
- 3 What are the benches in a synagogue called?
- 4 What is the cupboard called in a synagogue where the Torah is kept?
- 5 What is the most important part of a synagogue?
- 6 What was the synagogue used for in Jesus time?
- 7 What does the Star of David stand for?
- 8 What is a B not mitzvah?
- 9 Why is a church bench called a pew?
- 10 What is the Talmud and who wrote it?
- 11 Who built the first temple in the Bible?
- 12 Why is the Torah kept in an ark?
- 13 What are the two types of synagogue?
- 14 What does the word Rabbi mean in Hebrew?
What are the parts of a synagogue?
A typical synagogue contains an ark (where the scrolls of the Law are kept), an “eternal light” burning before the ark, two candelabra, pews, and a raised platform (bimah), from which scriptural passages are read and from which, often, services are conducted.
Where is the sanctuary in a synagogue?
The ark in a synagogue is almost always positioned in such a way such that those who face it are facing towards Jerusalem. Thus, sanctuary seating plans in the Western world generally face east, while those east of Israel face west.
What are the benches in a synagogue called?
A pew (/ˈpjuː/) is a long bench seat or enclosed box, used for seating members of a congregation or choir in a church, synagogue or sometimes a courtroom.
What is the cupboard called in a synagogue where the Torah is kept?
Ark, also called Ark Of The Law, Hebrew Aron, orAron Ha-qodesh, (“holy ark”), in Jewish synagogues, an ornate cabinet that enshrines the sacred Torah scrolls used for public worship.
What is the most important part of a synagogue?
The Aron Hakodesh, often known as the ark, is the most important place inside all synagogues. The Aron Hakodesh is where the Torah scroll is kept. The ark is usually wooden and has the features of a cupboard, and will often have a curtain or door.
What was the synagogue used for in Jesus time?
As the Gospels report, it was Jesus’s custom to attend synagogue gatherings on the Sabbath (Luke 4:16), and it was also the primary venue for his teaching and preaching activities outside of Jerusalem (Mark 1:38; Matt 4:23; Luke 4:14–15, 43–44; John 18:20).
What does the Star of David stand for?
The star was almost universally adopted by Jews in the 19th-century as a striking and simple emblem of Judaism in imitation of the cross of Christianity. The yellow badge that Jews were forced to wear in Nazi-occupied Europe invested the Star of David with a symbolism indicating martyrdom and heroism.
What is a B not mitzvah?
(B’not mitzvah is the plural of bat mitzvah and means that a group of girls or women is going through the rite. When more than one boy or a boy and a girl go through the ritual, it’s called b’nai mitzvah.)
Why is a church bench called a pew?
What is “pew,” and why does that word apply to a long bench in church? The word pew actually derived from an original Latin word that signified more than one podium, or podia. This raised seating took on the Old French word puie, which means “balcony” or “elevation.”
What is the Talmud and who wrote it?
Tradition ascribes the compilation of the Babylonian Talmud in its present form to two Babylonian sages, Rav Ashi and Ravina II. Rav Ashi was president of the Sura Academy from 375–427. The work begun by Rav Ashi was completed by Ravina, who is traditionally regarded as the final Amoraic expounder.
Who built the first temple in the Bible?
King Solomon, according to the Bible, built the First Temple of the Jews on this mountaintop circa 1000 B.C., only to have it torn down 400 years later by troops commanded by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar, who sent many Jews into exile.
Why is the Torah kept in an ark?
The Ark is a central element of the synagogue as it contains the Torah scrolls. It is located on the wall that faces Jerusalem. It symbolises the ark that held the tablets that God gave to Moses.
What are the two types of synagogue?
Orthodox and Reform synagogues
- There are certain differences between Orthodox and Reform synagogues.
- Traditionally, men and women were separated during worship in the synagogue.
- In Orthodox synagogues, men and women are still separated and will sit in different parts of the synagogue for the service.
What does the word Rabbi mean in Hebrew?
Rabbi, (Hebrew: “ my teacher” or “my master ”) in Judaism, a person qualified by academic studies of the Hebrew Bible and the Talmud to act as spiritual leader and religious teacher of a Jewish community or congregation.