FAQ: What Are Some Other Rooms In A Synagogue And What Purpose Do Some Of These Rooms Serve?

What rooms are in a synagogue?

Synagogues have a place for prayer (the main sanctuary) and may also have rooms for study, a social hall, and offices. Some have a separate room for Torah study, called the בית מדרש‎ beth midrash, lit. “house of study”.

What is the interior of a synagogue called?

The most common general plan for the interior of the synagogue is an Ark at the eastern end opposite the entrance, and with an almemar or pulpit. In older or Orthodox synagogues with separate seating, there may be benches for the men on either side, and a women’s gallery reached by staircases from the outer vestibule.

What are the benches in a synagogue called?

A pew (/ˈpjuː/) is a long bench seat or enclosed box, used for seating members of a congregation or choir in a church, synagogue or sometimes a courtroom.

What were the 4 furnishings found in the synagogue?

There are four things you will always find in a synagogue: the Torah itself, a Torah ark (Aron Kodesh) in which it is stored, a raised platform (bima) with a table where the Torah is read, and a continually lit lamp or lantern (ner tamid).

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What is the meaning of mezuzah?

The Hebrew word mezuzah actually means doorpost, but over time it has evolved to mean the doorpost and what is affixed to it. If the casing is made of a material that does not allow for a window, such as stone, then some feel the word shaddai, or the Hebrew letter shin must appear on the face of the mezuzah.

What would you see in a synagogue?

There is no standard synagogue architecture. A typical synagogue contains an ark (where the scrolls of the Law are kept), an “eternal light” burning before the ark, two candelabra, pews, and a raised platform (bimah), from which scriptural passages are read and from which, often, services are conducted.

What is the most important part of a synagogue?

The Aron Hakodesh, often known as the ark, is the most important place inside all synagogues. The Aron Hakodesh is where the Torah scroll is kept. The ark is usually wooden and has the features of a cupboard, and will often have a curtain or door.

What was the synagogue used for in Jesus time?

As the Gospels report, it was Jesus’s custom to attend synagogue gatherings on the Sabbath (Luke 4:16), and it was also the primary venue for his teaching and preaching activities outside of Jerusalem (Mark 1:38; Matt 4:23; Luke 4:14–15, 43–44; John 18:20).

What is a B not mitzvah?

(B’not mitzvah is the plural of bat mitzvah and means that a group of girls or women is going through the rite. When more than one boy or a boy and a girl go through the ritual, it’s called b’nai mitzvah.)

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What is the Talmud and who wrote it?

Tradition ascribes the compilation of the Babylonian Talmud in its present form to two Babylonian sages, Rav Ashi and Ravina II. Rav Ashi was president of the Sura Academy from 375–427. The work begun by Rav Ashi was completed by Ravina, who is traditionally regarded as the final Amoraic expounder.

Why is it called a pew?

The word pew actually derived from an original Latin word that signified more than one podium, or podia. Over the centuries the word evolved and the concept of an elevated seating box or pedestal seating was introduced. This raised seating took on the Old French word puie, which means “balcony” or “elevation.”

What is a pulpit in a synagogue?

The bimah (Hebrew plural: bimot) in synagogues is also known as the almemar or almemor among some Ashkenazim (from the Arabic, al-minbar, meaning ‘platform’). The post-Biblical Hebrew bima (בּימה), ‘platform’ or ‘pulpit’, is almost certainly derived from the Ancient Greek word for a raised platform, bema (βῆμα).

Why is the Torah kept in an ark?

The Ark is a central element of the synagogue as it contains the Torah scrolls. It is located on the wall that faces Jerusalem. It symbolises the ark that held the tablets that God gave to Moses.

What furniture was in the most holy place?

Tabernacle

  • A wooden ark, gilded inside and outside, for the Tablets of the Covenant, with a pure gold cover as the “mercy seat” for the Divine Presence;
  • A gilt table for the “Table of Showbread”, on which loaves of bread were arranged;
  • A golden menorah, lampstand of 7 oil lamps for a light never to be extinguished;
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What items were inside the Tabernacle?

The more detailed description of a tabernacle, located in Exodus chapters 25–27 and Exodus chapters 35–40, refers to an inner shrine (the most holy place) housing the ark and an outer chamber (holy place), with a six-branch seven-lamp menorah (lampstand), table for showbread, and altar of incense.

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